Laosicheng, also called Laosi Town, is located at Laosi village, Yongshun County of Xiangxi Tujia Autonomous Prefecture, South Central China's Hunan Province. Lying at the bank side of Mengdong River in Wuling Mountainous, Laosi Town is about 20km away from the downtown od Yongshun County. Laosicheng site was discovered in 2001. it is the largest, earliest and best preserved ancient Tusi cities in southern China.Laosicheng was listed as the World's Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO on 4 July,2015. After Wulingyuan Scenic Area and Langshan Mountain, Laosi town is the 3rd site tobe listed as the World's Heritage in China's Hunan Province.
Laosi represents 800 years of Culture of Yongshun Tusi Regime( from the fifth year of Shaoxing Reign in Southern Song Dynasty (AD 1135) to the second year of Yongzheng Reign in Qing Dynasty (AD 1724). ), which was a special system that ancient Chinese dynasties applied to rule ethnic groups in certain regions by granting hereditary titles to local leaders. Existed between 1135 and 1728, Laosi Town of Yongshun County had been the center of local politics, economy, culture and military at that time. The ruins of Laosi Town covers a total area of over 250,000 square meters, with the core area reaching 50,000 square meters, with an urban layout with a road network and complete drainage system. Archaeologists have found many relics, including the hall of patriarch, pavilion of Jade Emperor, ancient tombs, ancient streets, ancient walls, memorial arches, bronze bells and stone horses. It is the Tusi Site that has gone through large-scale archeological excavation in an all-round way.
1.The Central Site:
It is nestled at the foot of Simian Mountain Ridge and by Lingxi River. The property consists of various zones for different purposes, ranging from the palace, government office, judicial court, residential community, education area, burial ground to religious and ceremonial places, which stand by themselves and get connected through lanes, streets and the river. It was a fully –functioning mountain city of an appropriate layout and pleasant scenery. The property also includes many well-preserved ancient buildings such as Peng Patriarch Temple, Jade Emperor Temple (Yu Huang Ge), Wengchang Temple, and Arch of Offspring (Zi Sun Yong Xiang Pai Fang), along with the old city wall, ancient streets, drainage system and Tusi necropolis. Laosicheng Central Site was an exemplary scenic mountain city in southwest China.
2.The Surrounding Sites
The Surrounding Site spreads along the Lingxi River, consisting of 23 spots for leisure, military and religious purposes and ancient roads linking up these spots. The leisure spots include Bihua Villa, Fishing Platform and Stone Inscriptions; the military facilities include Qingjianwan Site, Chalaoyuan Site and Xiepu Government Office; the religious buildings include the Patriarch Temple and Jade Emperor Temple and the religious sites include the Temple of Guanyin and Temple of Eight Gods. The surrounding site together with the central site embodies harmony between politics and military, between man and nature.