Located in the southern area pf middle reach of Yangtze River,Hunan is the birth-place of Chairman Mao, the greatest leader and founder of the People's Republic of China.Hunan literally means south of the lake.Most of the part is in the south of Dongting Lake, hence its name.Since Xiangjiang River runs through the province from north to south, Hunan is also shortened to "Xiang".It is said that there was a large area of hibiscus in Hunan region in the past, so that Hunan also can be called the hometown of hibiscus.
Hunan is a province which is located in south-central of China. As you know,Hunan Province is bordered with Jiangxi Province to east,Guangdong Province to south, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Hunan Province is a charmful and amazing land in China. Lying along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Hunan received its name because most of its territory is on the southof Dongting Lake. It is hailed as "a land of fish and rice". Region to south-west,Guizhou Province to west, Chongqing City to north-west,and Hubei Province to north. On this page,We will introduce a profile of Hunan Province...More
Hunan History & Culture
Hunan is a province of China with a long history.According to a number of discoveries,modern human lived in Hunan in 8,000-12,000 years ago.The historic site of Chengtoushan, Squarish Four-ram Zun, bamboo slips unearthed from Liye which date back to the Qin Dynasty, the Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tombs and the southern Great Wall all bear witness to the length of Hunan’s history...More Read: Hunan History
With over 5,000 years history,Hunan People have been creating its typical and clorful culture.Hunan Culture,well known as "Huxiang Culture". Xiang River runs through Hunan province from south to north, Hunan is called "Xiang" for short and boasts its "Xiang Cuisine", "Xiang Embroidery", "Xiang Opera", and "Xiang Army".Huxiang Culture is basically a regional culture handed down from generation to generation in Hunan...Read More: Hunan Culture
Hunan Climate & Weather
Hunan belongs to the mid-subtropical moist zone continental monsoon climate. It enjoys a mildclimate with four clearly-defined seasons.It has average annual sunshine of 1,300-1,800 hours,with annual average temperature is 16°C-18°C, a frost-free period of 260-310 days, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,200-1,700 mm...More
Population in Hunan
Hunan covers 2 percent of China's land mass, and contains about 5 percent of its population, ranking No.7 in China with average population density of 325 per square kilometer. The Dongting Plain and the main river valleys are where the population is primarily concentrated. At the end of 2009, the total population of Hunan is 69.251 million, 550,000more than last year, among which the urban population is 29.8089 million and the rural population is 39.1931 million.
The minority groups are Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, Hui, Bai, Zhuang, and Uighurs. The way of life and economy of the Miao and the Tujia are similar, and the two groups were not differentiated in the 1953 census, when they were officially referred to as Miao. They lived in the west where their economy is based on the cultivation of terraced fields on hills and in narrow valleys. They grow corn on mountain slopes and elsewhere cultivate tung, tea, and galla nuts. Each group has its own distinctive handicrafts, notably embroidery and cross-stitch work. The Dong people live in their own autonomous counties in the extreme southwest, with their centers at Tongdao and Xinhuang counties. The Yao are widely scattered over the mountainous regions of the south and west...More
Hunan has a long history and a great number of cultural relics, historic sites and a beautiful scenery of lakes and mountains. The well-known scenic areas, such as Zhangjiajie, Fenghuang Ancient Town,Tianme Mountain, Langshan Mountain,Mt.Hengshan, Wulingyuan, Yueyang Tower, Dongting Lake and Shaoshan-the home village of Mao Zedong, are all the national major famous scenic areas,among which Wulingyuan Scenic Area ;Laosicheng Historical Site and Langshan Mountain were included in the World Heritages by UNESCO. Besides Emperor Yan's Mausoleum, Yuelu Academy-one of the four famous academies in the Song Dynasty,and Taohuayuan,etc,are all quite familiar to the visitors Hunan is also one of the birthplaces of the new democratic revolution of China, therefore, the former residences of Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi have long been the famous tourist sites...Read More: Hunan Attractions
As the birthplace of Mao Zedong, founder of the People’s Republic of China(PRC), Hunan province has contributed to the founding and growth of the country. Over the first decade of the 21st century, the province’s gross domestic production(GDP) has annually increased over 10％. Despite the global financial crisis throughout 2009, Hunan achieved leapfrog growth with its in-depth implementation of development strategies: pushing forward innovative industrialization , as well as stepping up efforts to improve basic industries, infrastructure, and fundamentals. In the same year, the province’s GDP hit nearly 1.3 trillion yuan, and its economy grew 13.6％,4.9 percentage higher than the national average. This ranked the province among the nation’s top six performers in terms of growth rate, and placed it among China’s top ten for the consecutive year in terms of its economy. Hunan is emerging as one of China’s central provinces maintaining stable and fast growth.