Tianmen Mountain,knwon as “Tianmenshan 天门山”in chinese， is a must-see place for tourists in Zhangjiajie. Situated in south of Zhangjiajie city, onlly 8km from the downtown of Zhangjiajie, Tianmen Mountain is famous for Tianmen Cave.With an elevation of 1,518 meters,Tianmen Mountain is not only one of the most representative natural sceneries ,but also " the Soul of Zhangjiajie ".In 1997, Tianmen Mountain was named Tianmen Mountain National Forest Park. Tianmen Mountain boasts a primitive forest, numerous rare tree species, medicinal herbs and an abundance of fauna. There are a variety of plants, of which Davidia involucrata and Metasequoia glyptostroboides are under state-level protection. For a long time, Tianmen Mountain attracted attention not only because of its miraculous and unique geographic landform as well as its unparalleled natural landscape, but also because of its profound cultural connotations as a famous humanistic site. It is revered as the soul of culture and spirit of Zhangjiajie, and is reputed to be the number one mountain in western Hunan. Tianmen Mountain cableway is the longest passenger cableway in the world, with a length of 7455 meters and a height gap of 1279 meter.
Tianmen Cave is a natural water-eroded cave with the highest elevation in the world. It is actually a big hole in the mountain but people call it a cave and it has become a major attraction.In the year 263AD, the thousand-meter high cliff of Mount Songliang suddenly broke open into a door-like cavern which became a rare wonder of the world. This is why the name of Mount Songliang was changed to Tianmen Mountain. Tianmen Cave runs south-north at a height of 131.5 meters, a width of 57 meters and a depth of 60 meters. It is much like a gate pointing towards heaven. In 1999, the international stunt flying aces piloted planes flew through Tianmen Cave for the very first time with 800 million people watching the live show. In 2006, the Russian Air Force Aerobatic Flight Show was held in Zhangjiajie.
� Another wonder that local people always talk about is that the Tianmen cave cliff which can magically keep itself dry even in heavy rains. People say that if the cliff becomes wet, a big disaster will surely follow. Their harvest would be destroyed by serious flood or drought.Another topic that the locals find interesting to tell visitors is about the moving cave. The Tianmen Cave could be seen from the city several decades ago. But now it is impossible to see the cave from the city. Geologists explain that the cave has gradually moved from its original position.
Tongtian Avenue , means the avenue toward Heaven, offers 99 turns symbolizing that Heaven has nine palaces. The Tongtian Avenue has a well-deserved reputation as a wonder highway of the world. Through Tongtian Avenue, one reaches directly the Tianti – a celestial ladder from the top of which a celestial-like scene comes into view. There are altogether nine hundred and ninety-nine steps in the Tianti (a vocabulary originated from Daoism, comparable to heaven in Christianity) which runs to the Heaven Gate. It is also the religious site for praying for happiness. There is a 6-meter wide avenue built for this scenic spot. Many rock climbers enjoy climbing the cave walls. To reach the platform towards the cave you have to travel along a spiral road known as Tongtian Avenue. The view from the long and winding road looks just like a dragon ascending from the mountains and is a wondrous sight. It's impressive just how the ancient Chinese were able to build structures like this.
Plank road built along the cliff in ghost valley.Plank road built along the cliff in ghost valley is located in the Mixian scenic area. With a length of 800 meters, it hangs on a ghost valley which is over 1400 meters high above the cliff. An astounding and exciting experience awaits the visitor here. Transport: Take Bus No10 and get off at the cable car station.
●The Glass Skywalk
The Glass Skywalk,built in 2011, is located 1,430 metres above sea level on the cliff of Tianmen Mountain.Contructed out of 2.5 inch crystal-clear glass. The 60m long bridge joins the west cliff at the Yunmeng Fairy Summit, the summit of Tianmen Mountain. This glass skywalk allows tourists enjoy breathtaking views of Tianmen Mountain.The Glass Skywalk safely offers thrilling views of the surrounding mountains. The cleaners of the path make visitors wear cloth shoes over their footwear, in order to make their walk easier and less scary. And if that is not enough to bring terror into the pit of your stomach, the path running alongside a Chinese mountainside is made out of glass, allowing a crystal-clear view of where one false step can take you.So it was perhaps understandable that this woman tackled the walkway by sticking as close to the cliff as possible, feeling her way along with tentative steps.
● Primitive Garden In The Air
Tianmen Mountain is also the second national forest park in Zhangjiajie city, which boasts intact primitive forests. There are many rare trees and some precious medicinal herbs. It is also the paradise for animals. All these features shape the mountain into a "primitive garden in the air".
●Tianmen Mountain Cableway
The cableway from the city towards Tianmen Mountain is considered to be the longest cableway in the world, offering a distance of 7,455 meters and with a height of 1,279 meters. The ride from the city to the mountain takes around 30 minutes and provides passengers with awesome views.
Tianmen Temple, which covers an area of more than 10,000 square meters, has developed itself as a location of pilgrimage and worship as the Buddhist center of Western Hunan since the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It was first built in the Ming Dynasty and the present Tianmen Mountain Temple was re-established on the original site. In this temple, you can sample Lenten meals.