Hubei Province is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and to the north of Dongting Lake, south cantral of China. It is surrounded by Henan Province to the north, Jiangxi and Hunan Province to the south, Anhui Province to the east, Sichuan and Chongqing to the west, Shaanxi Province to the northwest.Hubei has been said to be one of the originating places of the Chinese people. Today many minority ethnic groups live in this area including: Miao, Tujia, Dong and some others.Its capital, Wuhan, is located in the southeastern part of the province.
Tourism Cities in Hubei
History of Hubei
Earlier known as Chu, Hubei was the seat of power of the Zhou Dynasty. During 475 to 221 BC, Chu was involved in many battles with the neighboring state of Qin, now Shaanxi Province.
Chu gradually lost most of its territories to the Qin. The Qin were then deafeated by the Han, who established their capital in erstwhile Jingzhou, now the area occupied by Hubei and Hunan. Through the years, Hubei was occupied by successive dynasties.
The Song Dynasty renamed the Province to Jinghubei in 982. In 1339, the Mongols overran Hubei and united it with Hunan, Guangdong and Guangxi and called it Huguang. In 1644, the Manchu Qing dynasty split Huguang into Hubei and Hunan.
In 1911, after the Wuchuang Revolution, the People's Republic of China was established. In 1927, Wuhan was the seat of power of the Kuomintang.
What to see in Hubei ?
The long history and the brilliant Chu culture endow the region with numerous cultural relics. Ancient towers, grottoes, city remains, imperial mausoleums, temples and nobilities' native places can be found throughout the province.
Yellow Crane Tower: The Yellow Crane Tower has a very long and complicated history. Enjoying the fame of “The First Scenery under Heaven” , it is one of the most renowned towers south of the Yangtze River. Its cultural significance led to its being made the symbol of Wuhan City.
As the heaviest musical instrument in the world, the set of bronze chime bells unearthed from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of the Zeng State can be found in the Hubei Provincial Museum. With a total weight of 2567 kilogram, the set of bells consists of 65 pieces. The biggest bell is 152.3cm (five feet) high and 203.6kg and the smallest 20.4cm (less than one foot) long and 2.4kg.
Wudang Mountain is a sacred Taoist mountain with hundreds of temples and palaces. East Lake, located on the eastern side of Wuchang City, is one of the major tourist attractions in Wuhan. It is the biggest lake within a city in China. Yellow Crane Tower, located on Snake Hill in Wuchang City, is one of the three famous towers south of the Yangtze River.
The Three Gorges offers an unmatched painting of water and mountains. The World Famous Yangtze Three Gorges Dam Project is just located in this province, just outside of Yichang City. It is not only the largest water conservation project in China, but also the largest water conservation project in the world.
Shennongjia is considered as a treasure of wildlife renowned with high plant diversity.Shennongjia National Nature Reserve was establilshed in 1982 with a total area of 70,457 hectares. The Reserve encompasses three vertical vegetation zones namely subtropical, warm temperate and cold temperate; hence, it is an ideal place for ecological research on biodiversity, typicality and natural transition of vegetation. Shennongjia National Nature Reserve was accepted by the International Man and Biosphere Reserve Network of UNESCO in 1990.It has been a place of significant scientific interest particularly for botanists and the mountains have featured prominently in the history of botanical inquiry.On 18 July,2016,the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Istanbul on Sunday decided to put China’s Hubei Shennongjia on the prestigious World Heritage List as a natural site, bringing to 50 the number of listed Chinese sites.
When to visit Hubei ?
Hubei province has a subtropical monsoonal climate with a humid and hot summer, dry winter and strong sunlight in autumn. Annual rainfall averages 800-1600 millimeters and with average temperatures ranging from 15C-17C. Most places in Hubei enjoy four distinct seasons, with the best times to travel there being spring and autumn.
How to get there ?
Air: Wuhan Tianhe International Airport is one of the biggest airports in central China. It is located 26 km northwest of Wuhan city. Transportation to and from the airport to the city is very convenient provided you know what destination you are headed for.
Train: The Hankou railway station is located in the north of the city and Wuchang railway station in the south part.
Long-distance Bus: Transportation to Wuhan by bus is fairly convenient. New expressways have been constructed in the last few years and destinations as far away as Beijing and Shanghai can be reached on an overnight trip.
Hankou's long distance bus station can be found on Jiefang Dadao In Wuchang the station is on Wuluo Lu, northeast of the railway station.
Boat: Wuhan is situated along the edge of the Changjiang (Yangtze, 长江) River. Ferries are available to Shanghai, Chongqing and other riverside cities. There are 18 ferry routes in the city, of which there are three fast line routes. There is also a sightseeing tour on the Yangtze river.