Xi'an,the capital of Northwestern part of China's Shaanxi province, is one of the old capital of China with 13 dynasties, as well as the east gateway of China Silk Road. Xi'an is located in the middle reaches of the Yellow River,it is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation. Xi'an, also known as Chang'an in ancient times,has a history of 3,100 years. Xian, the eternal city, records the great changes of the Chinese nation just like a living history book. Xian is one of the birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the Yellow River Basin area of the country.Together with Athens, Cairo and Rome, Xian is among the four major ancient civilization capitals of the world. It is on the natural westward land route out of China into Central Asia, the starting point and terminus of the Silk Road, which brought the city material wealth as well as religious and cultural melting for over a thousand years.
English Name: Xi'an, Hsian, Sian
Chinese Name: 西安 (xī ān)
Location: Guanzhong Plain, Shaanxi Province, Northwest China (34°16′N, 108°54′E)
Postal Code: 710000 - 710090
Area Code: 029
History of Xi'an
Historically known as Chang'an, it was home to the ruling house of 13 dynasties, notably, the Qin (221 BC – 207 BC), Han (206 BC – 220 AD), Sui (581 AD – 618 AD) and Tang (618AD – 908AD) Dynasties. The Emperor Qin Shihuang united China for the first time and left Xi'an and the world one of the most extraordinary archeological finds in history - the Terracotta Warriors, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors a year. The city reached its peak in the Tang dynasty, boasting 2 million taxable inhabitants and the largest, most cosmopolitan, settlement in the world during the reign of Xuanzong (712 AD – 756 AD)...More Read: Xi'an History
Geography of Xi'an
Xi’an, capital city of Shaanxi Province, is situated in the center of the Weihe Plain, bounded by the Weihe River in the north and the Qin Mountain Range in the south. Beishan (the Northern Mountains) and Qinling (the Qin Mountain Range) stand as two boundaries dividing the province into three natural areas: the Loess Plateau in Northern Shaanxi, the Guangzhong (Vast Central) Plain, and the Qinba Hills. The plateau and hills make up most of the province's area.
Climate of Xi'am
Shaanxi has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. The months from March to November are the tourist high season as they are warmer.It has a semi-moist monsoon climate and there is a clear distinction between the four seasons. Except the colder winter, any season is relatively suitable for traveling...Read More
The cultural and historical significance of Xian, as well as the abundant relics and sites, help Shaanxi enjoy the laudatory title of 'Natural History Museum'. The Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses is praised as 'the eighth major miracle of the world', Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is listed on the World Heritage List, and the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) is the largest and most intact Ming Dynasty castle in the world. In the city, there is the 3,000 years old Banpo Village Remains from the Neolithic Age (approximately from 8000 BC to 5000 BC), and the Forest of Stone Steles that holds 3,000 stone steles of different periods from the Han Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. Around Xian, the Famen Temple enjoys the reputation of being the 'forefather of pagodas and temples in Central Shaanxi,' because it holds the finger bones of Sakyamuni -- the founder of Buddhism. The natural landscape around Xian is also marvelous Mt.Huashan one of the five best-known mountains in China, is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and its unique characteristics.
In ancient times, as the beginning of the Silk Road, Xian was one of the transport junctions in China. Nowadays,It is the axis from the east to the west China even to the countries in the western Asia. The extensive transportation system consisting of aviation, trains and buses connect Xian with other major cities all around China. The urban transportation of Xian has been somewhat frustrating in recent years because of the subway construction. Subway line 2 will be in operation in 2011. Several other lines are also under construction or in the planning process. For now the buses and taxis can take you to around the city.Morever, Xi'an is becoming a modern large city of China, as well as the capital of Shaanxi province.Welcome to Xi'an !