Taohuayuan Scenic Area, also called Peach Blossom Land, is located in Taoyuan County, Changde City, south central China's Hunan Province.It's 34km away from Changde City,and 138km away from Zhangjiajie City.The scenic area lies between Yuan River and Wuling Mountain Range,there are rich of ancient archetectures,green trees.The unique geographical location adds to Peach Blossom Land the beauty of Dongting Lake, the elegance of Western Hunan, the special scenery of rivers and the sight of Wuling.
Taohuayuan Scenic Area is highly valuable on tourism, history, culture and arts. With beautiful mountains, fields, temples, poetry, as well wonderful legends,Taohuayuan Scenic Area has a 1,600-year history and has been regarded as a Shangri-la by later generations.It is the prototype of a wonderful place far from the cruel reign of the Qin Dynasty described in Records of Peach Blossom Source by Tao Yuanming, a famous poet in the East Jin Dynasty.
Tao Yuanming, a famous writer of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), wrote the well-known essay Peach-Blossom Spring.In it he tells a story which goes like this: A fisherman happened to come upon a place called Peach-Blossom Spring. Squeezing through a cave, he found a village, the residents of which were descendants of refugees from the Qin Dynasty. It was a paradise isolated from the outside world, without exploitation or oppression, and everybody living and working in peace and contentment. The fisherman left the villagers and went home. But he could never find the place again.Taohuayuan Tourism Resort was first built in the Jin Dynasty (256-439 A.D), began to take shape in the Tang Dynasty (618-709), flourished in the Song Dynasty (960-1297), and went to ruin in the Yuan Dynasty (1297-1368). With ups and downs through the Ming Dynasty (1368-1911), it was almost abandoned in the times of the Republic of China (1912-1949). Its restoration began in 1949 and a large-scale expansion and development began in 1990.
Taohuayuan Scenic Area is the provincial-level key protection unit, one of the top ten scenic spots in Hunan Province, the national forest park and national-level scenic spot. The main body of Peach Blossom Land covers an area of 15.8 square kilometers; Wuling Fishing Land, Yuan River scenic area covers an area of 44.85 square meters; the outer protection area covers an area of 96.9 square meters. The main body includes Taohua Mountain, Taoyuan Mountain, Qinren Village (the village of People from Qin Dynasty), Taoxian Mountain. In a word, it has mysterious cultural sights, rich natural sights, delicate inside sceneries and grand outer sceneries.
This idiom is derived from the above story, and is used to mean an isolated, ideal world. Peach Blossom Land isone of the sacred places of Daoism in ancient China. In history, many literators visited here, such as Tao Yuanming, Meng Haoran, Wang Changling, Wang Wei, Li Bai, Du Mu, Liu Yuxi, Han Yu, Lu You, Shu Shi, etc, who has left their works there.
Taohuayuan Tourism Resort won many honors in the past years. In 1959, Taohuayuan was placed on the list of “Provincial-level Key Cultural Relics under Protection by the Hunan Provincial Government”. In 1987, it was listed as one of the “Top Ten Scenic Spots of Hunan by the Hunan Provincial Government”; in 1992, it was approved as a National Forest Park by the Forestry Ministry of China. In 2001, it was approved to be a National AAAA Grade Scenic Spot by the National Tourism Administration of China; and in 2004, it was approved to be a Key National Scenic Spot by the State Council.On the 24th of March 1995, President Jiang Zemin came to Taohuayuan. After making an inspection tour of cultural relics and natural landscapes, he said: “This is the real Taohuayuan described by Tao Yuanming” and he wrote an inscription as a memento. It was also appraised continually for 4 years as one of “the Best Scenic Spots of Hunan” and as a “Civilized Forest Park of Hunan”.
In 2000, Taohuayuan was recognised as one of the 50 scenic spots you have to visit in your lifetime. On the 12th of June 1998, in the Fifth International Conference for the Grammy Awards for the Golden Tourism Lines co-held by Tourism Weeks and the Japanese Writers Association in Osaka, Japan, the tourism line of Changsha—Taohuayuan—Zhangjiajie was awarded the “Destination Special Development Award”, being one of the two awarded golden tourism lines of China.
When to visit Taohuayuan?
In Spring,peaches are blossoming in Taohuayuan Scenic Area.It is the best time to see the view of peaches blossom land in March and May.Well-known for its beautiful peach flowers, Taohuanyuan Scenic Area holds the Peach Blossom Festival on the 8th of March each year for visitors to enjoy its cloudy sea of peach flowers.In 2017, Taohuayuan Resort will host the 28th annual Peach Blossom Festival. This festival will last for two months from the 8th of March, to the 8th of May. The theme of the Peach-Blossom Festival is “Welcome Hunan, Enter Taohuayuan”, which will mainly exhibit culture and the historical heritage of civilisation, and further publicised two kinds of brand-tours— the “flower-viewing tour” and the “culture-understanding tour.”
How to Get There?
Taohuayuan Scenic Area has convenient air, water and land links, with the National Highway 319 running through the area, the National Highway 207 passing by its eastern part 30 km away, and is 40 km away from the Changsha-Changde Expressway, 20 km away from the Taoyuan Toll Gate on the Changde-Zhangjiajie Expressway, the Changde-Jishou Expressway and the Changde-Shaoyang Expressway, Changde-Yueyang Expressway, Changde-Jingzhou (Hubei Province) Expressway.
The Yuan River, a main waterway of Hunan Province, can directly reach Yueyang and the Yangtze River by passing through the Dongting Lake.
The Shimen-Changsha Railway (from Shimen to Taoyuan to Changde to Yiyang to Changsha) has a main railway station in Changde which is only 50 km away from Taohuayuan and provides a convenient connection between Taohuayan and the cities along the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway.
Taohuayuan Airport, a National Second Level Civil Airport, is only 34 km away from the scenic spot and has already opened airlines to Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Haikou, Kunming, Chongqing and so on.